## WBBSE Class 9 Physical Science Question Answer West Bengal Board

### WBBSE Class 9 Physical Science Syllabus West Bengal Board 2023

Chapter 1 Measurement
Measurement and Units: Concept of measurement of physical quantities, units and utility of units, Different Systems [CGS, SI] of Units, Units of different quantities in different systems, all physical quantities do not have units (reason), Fundamental Units and Derived Units, Modem ideas regarding standard length and standard time, Units of Mass (1 kg, 1 g), Unit of volume (1L, 1 m3, 1 mL, 1 cm3, 1 dm3).

Units of quantities having very large and very small magnitude: Sizes of living organisms, from microorganisms to large living species, size of the universe (with the help of the unit of length and unit of time) from subnuclear to galactic objects.

Dimension: Dimensions of physical quantities. Use of exponents in the expression of units.

Measurement: Measuring instruments – the idea of least count, range of the instrument, and error in case of the following instruments only – scale, clocks, measuring cylinder, common balance.

Chapter 2 Forces and Motion
Rest and Motion: Role of the observer in deciding rest and motion. Translation is a change of position and rotation is a change of orientation. Difference between rotation and circular motion.

Equations of Motion: Displacement, speed, velocity, and acceleration. Uniform and non-uniform motion among a straight line. Algebraic and graphical representation (through velocity-time graph only). Representation of displacement and acceleration in velocity-time graph.

• Derivation of the expression s = v.t. from the velocity-time graph.
• v = u + a.t from the velocity-time graph.
• Establishment of the expression s = $$\frac{1}{2}$$.a.t2 and s = u.t + $$\frac{1}{2}$$.a.t2 from the velocity-time graph, when the particle is moving with a uniform acceleration.
• Establishing the equation v2 = u2 + 2as from velocity-time graph.

Newton’s 1st Law of Motion: Force as the cause, and acceleration (change of motion) as an effect: (a) Effective force and balanced force. Addition of forces-Parallelogram law, examples from daily life. Resolution of forces, components examples, (b) Inertia of rest and inertia of motion.

Newton’s 2nd Law of Motion: Newton’s 2nd Law of Motion. Force is the cause, acceleration is an effect, and F = ma is the postulate (law). Mass is the intrinsic property of an object, determining internal resistance (using F = ma). Units of force (Dyne and Newton).

Newton’s 3rd Law of Motion: Newton’s 3rd Law of Motion. Action (force) and reaction (force).

Different types of forces: Forces of different types with examples. Tension is the force between different parts of a string or wire. The idea of normal reaction force.

Linear momentum: Introducing the concept of momentum for an object with variable mass. Necessity of linear momentum as a physical quantity. Statement of Newton’s 2nd law of motion by using the concept of linear momentum. Obtaining F = ma, from this statement when m is constant.

Conservation of linear momentum: Idea of conservation of linear momentum.

Chapter 3 Matter: Structure and Properties
The pressure of liquid and air: Fluid Pressure: Thrust, force per unit area, pressure of a liquid at a point, some characteristics of liquid pressure. Description of Barometer. Measurement of atmospheric pressure by Barometer and forecast of weather. Siphon and its applications; Archimedes’ Principle: Archimedes’ Principle. Buoyancy, floatation, and apparent weight. Density and Relative density; Surface tension: Idea of surface tension from examples of daily life. Factors affecting surface tension of a liquid; Viscosity: Viscosity is the friction of a liquid. Laminar or streamlined and turbulent flow. Density and viscosity are two different quantities. Terminal velocity of an object in a viscous medium. Rate of flow of liquid; Bernoulli’s Theorem: Bernoulli’s Theorem; Elasticity: Elasticity, factors on which elasticity depends, Stress, Strain, Hooke’s law, Elastic constants (Young’s modulus only), and Elasticity in daily life. Ductility; Brittleness; Malleability.

Chapter 4 Matter: Atomic Structure; Physical and Chemical Properties of Matter

Chapter 4.1 Atomic Structure:
Discovery of the electron; Rutherford’s alpha particle experiment; Rutherford’s model of an atom; Limitations of Rutherford’s model; Discovery of Neutron; Electron, proton, and neutron; Qualitative presentation of Bohr-Rutherford model of an atom. Electronic orbits (K, L, M, N, shells); Isotope, isobar, and isotone; Nuclear force; Electronic configuration upto Z = 20; Absorption/emission of energy during electronic transitions between orbits.

Chapter 4.2 Mole Concept:
Mole as a unit of number. Avogadro’s number (NA) and its importance in chemistry, biology, and physics; Concept of gram atom and gram molecule; Atomic mass unit; Molar volume of gases at NTP; Use of molar mass, molar volume, and formula mass in chemical calculations.

Chapter 4.3 Solution:
True solution, colloidal solution, and coarse suspension; Diameter of particles in true and colloidal solutions and coarse suspension; Dissolution of small ions/molecules and macromolecules (protein, DNA, starch) in water; Different colloidal solutions (solid-in-liquid, solid-in-gas, liquid-in-gas, liquid-in-liquid). Emulsions and emulsifiers; Solubility of solids and gases in liquids; Saturated, unsaturated, supersaturated solutions; Crystallization; Concentration of solution and its units; Motion of particles in solution; Non-aqueous solvent.

Chapter 4.4 Acids, Bases, and Salts:
Arrhenius definition of acids and bases; Indicators; Industrial uses of NaOH, H2SO4, HCl, HNO3; Chemical properties of acids (H2SO4, HCl, HNO3; Chemical properties of alkali (NaOH); Safe handling of acids and bases; Importance of aqueous medium in respect of acid-base property; Qualitative introduction to pH; Effect of pH on tooth decay; importance of pH in agriculture and pisiculture; Acidic, basic and amphoteric oxides; Acidification of water due to dissolution of gaseous oxides (CO2, SO2, NO2), Neutralization, Antacids, Normal, acidic and basic salts.

Chapter 4.5 Separation of Components of Mixtures:
Distillation and Fractional distillation; Use of Separatory funnel.

Chapter 4.6 Water:
Physical properties of water that influenced proliferation and maintenance of life; Quality parameters of drinking water; Purification of water for drinking purposes; Soft and hard water; Water pollution; Arsenic compounds and fluoride in groundwater.

Chapter 5. Energy in Action. Work Power and Energy
Work: Definition of work, W = F.D. Unit of work. Work done by and against the force. No workforce; Power: Definition of power, p = w/t. Unit of power; Energy: Definition of energy. Potential energy. Kinetic energy. Conservation of Mechanical Energy.

Chapter 6 Heat
Calorimetry: Principles of calorimetry. Heat gained = Heat lost; Equivalence of work and heat: W = J.H; Latent heat: Change of state; Saturated and unsaturated vapour: Saturated and unsaturated vapour; Anomalous expansion of water: Effects of anomalous nature of water on marine life.

Chapter 7 Sound
Sources of sound: Vibration: Sound is produced by vibration. Mechanism of sound production in the human vocal chord. Some quantities are related to vibration amplitude, period, and frequency; Propagation of sound Wave: Necessity of medium for sound propagation; Waves: Longitudinal and Transverse wave. Some physical quantities related to waves: are amplitude, wavelength, period, wave frequency, and wave velocity. Relation among wave frequency, wavelength, and wave velocity V = n.λ; Some properties of sound: Reflection of sound. Echo. Reverberation of sound; Audible sound and its frequency range. Ultrasonic sound. Uses of ultrasonic sound; Characteristics of Sound: Loudness. Pitch. Quality of Sound.
The human ear and mechanism of hearing sound: Structure (Human ear). Sound Propagation through the different parts of the ear; Sound Pollution: Sound Pollution and its remedy.

WBBSE Class 9 Physical Science Blueprint for 1st Summative Evaluation (Total Marks – 40)

 Theme/Sub-Theme MCQ (Group A) VSA (Group B) SA (Group C) LA (Group D) Total 1. Measurement 1 × 3 1 × 2 2 × 2 3 × 1 12 2. Force and Motion 1 × 2 1 × 3 2 × 3 3 × 1 14 3. Atomic Structure 1 × 3 1 × 2 2 × 3 3 × 1 14 Total 8 7 16 9 40

WBBSE Class 9 Physical Science Blueprint for 2nd Summative Evaluation (Total Marks – 40)

 Theme/Sub-Theme MCQ (Group A) VSA (Group B) SA (Group C) LA (Group D) Total 1. Mole Concept 1 × 2 1 × 1 2 × 1 3 × 1 8 2. Matter: Structure and Properties 1 × 2 1 × 3 2 × 1 3 × 1 10 3. Solution 1 × 1 1 × 1 2 × 1 3 × 1 7 4. Acids, Bases, Salts 1 × 2 1 × 1 2 × 1 3 × 1 8 5. Work, Power, Energy 1 × 1 1 × 1 2 × 1 3 × 1 7 Total 8 7 10 15 40

1. In Group A: All the Multiple Choice Questions (MCQ) are compulsory. There will be no alternative to any question in this Group.
2. In Group B: VSA will contain – (i) answer in a single word or a single sentence, (ii) column matching, (iii) fill in the blanks, and (iv) true/ false type questions. In the first & second summative, there will be alternatives to a total of 3 questions from the same theme/sub-theme.
3. In Group C: In the first & second summative there will be an alternative to 3 questions from the same theme/sub-theme.
4. In Group D: In the first & second summative there will be an alternative to 3 questions from the same theme/sub-theme. In this Group, 3 marks may be broken as (2 + 1).
5. All alternatives should be internal i.e. an alternative to question (2a) should be designed as (2a) [Question] OR [Question], (2b), etc.
6. Each numerical question will have an alternative item from the same theme/sub-theme.

WBBSE Class 9 Physical Science Blueprint for 3rd Summative Evaluation/Selection Test (Total Marks – 90)

 Section Theme/Sub-Theme MCQ (Group A) VSA (Group B) SA (Group C) LA (Group D) Total Physics 1. Matter: Structure and Properties 1 × 1 1 × 1 2 × 2 3 × 1 9 2. Measurement 1 × 1 1 × 2 2 × 1 – 5 3. Force and Motion 1 × 1 1 × 2 2 × 1 3 × 1 8 4. Work, Power, Energy 1 × 1 1 × 2 2 × 2 – 7 5. Sound 1 × 1 1 × 2 2 × 1 3 × 1 8 6. Heat 1 × 1 1 × 2 2 × 1 3 × 1 8 Chemistry 7. Atomic Structure 1 × 1 1 × 2 2 × 1 3 × 1 8 8. Mole Concept 1 × 1 1 × 2 2 × 1 3 × 1 8 9. Solution 1 × 1 1 × 2 2 × 1 3 × 1 8 10. Acids, Bases and Salts 1 × 2 1 × 2 2 × 1 3 × 1 9 11. Separation of Components of Mixtures 1 × 1 1 × 2 2 × 1 – 5 12. Water 1 × 1 1 × 2 2 × 2 – 7 Total 13 23 30 24 90

1. In Group A: All the Multiple Choice Questions (MCQ) are compulsory. There will be no alternative to any question in this Group.
2. In Group B: VSA will contain – (i) answer in a single word or a single sentence, (ii) column matching, (iii) fill in the blanks, (iv) true/ false type questions. In this group there will be alternatives to a total of 8 questions: alternative to 4 questions from Physics and 4 questions from Chemistry will be given. All alternatives will be from the same theme/sub-theme.
3. In Group C: (a) Eight (8) questions from Physics will have to be answered. There will be alternatives to 3 questions from the same theme, (b) Seven (7) questions from Chemistry will have to be answered. There will be an alternative to 3 questions from the same sub-theme.
4. In Group D: (a) Four (4) questions from Physics will have to be answered. There will be alternatives to 2 questions from the same theme, (b) Four (4) questions from Chemistry will have to be answered. There will be an alternative to 2 questions from the same sub-theme. In this Group, 3 marks may be broken as (2 + 1).
5. All alternatives should be internal i.e. an alternative to question (2a) should be designed as (2a) [Question] OR [Question], (2b), etc.
6. Each numerical question will have an alternative item from the same theme/sub-theme.

## WBBSE Class 10 Physical Science Question Answer West Bengal Board

### WBBSE Class 10 Physical Science Syllabus West Bengal Board 2024

Chapter 1 Concerns About Our Environment

Chapter 1.1 Physical Science and Environment:
How can we interpret our environment in terms of physical science? – Structure of the atmosphere, The ozone layer, Greenhouse effect, and global warming.

Chapter 1.1 Rational Use of Energy:
Should we not conserve energy for future generations? – Harnessing energy resources for sustainable development.

Chapter 2 Behaviour of Gases

Chapter 2.1 Behaviour in the Bulk:
How does a gas behave under different conditions? – Pressure exerted by a gas and its volume, Boyle’s law, Charles’ law, Absolute temperature scale, Corrjbining Boyle’s and Charles’ laws, Ideal gas, Avogadro’s law, Ideal gas equation.

Chapter 2.2 Behaviour at the Molecular Level:
How can we describe behaviour of gases at the molecular level? – Molecular picture of an ideal gas, Deviation from ideal behaviour.

Chapter 3 Chemical Calculations

Chapter 3.1 Stoichiometric Equations:
How to answer ‘how much?’ – Conservation of mass in chemical reactions, Weight versus weight calculations.

Chapter 4 Thermal Phenomena

Chapter 4.1 Thermal Expansion:
How do different materials expand on heating? – Coefficient of expansion for solids, liquids, and gases.

Chapter 4.2 Thermal Conduction:
Does heat flow equally well through all solids? – Thermal conductivity.

Chapter 5 Light

Chapter 5.1 Reflection at Spherical Mirror:
What happens when the reflecting surface of a mirror is convex or concave? – Reflection of light at the spherical surface, Geometry of a spherical mirror, Reflection in the spherical mirror.

Chapter 5.2 Refraction of Light:
What happens when a light ray travels from one medium to another? – Laws of refraction, Familiarity with the structure of a glass slab and a prism, Refraction through a glass slab and a prism. Deviation of light rays due to refraction.

Chapter 5.3 Lenses:
How does a lens differ from a glass slab? – Familiarity with the structure of spherical lenses (concave and convex), Refraction through a lens (convex and concave), Image formation by thin lenses, Simple camera, and the Human eye as application image formation by a lens.

Chapter 5.4 Dispersion of Light:
What happens when white light passes through a prism?
Dispersion of white light as a result of refraction through a glass slab and a prism the idea of monochromatic and polychromatic and polychromatic light.

Chapter 5.5 Light Wave:
What kind of wave is a light wave, and how many different kinds of light waves are there? – Frequency, wavelength, and velocity of a wave, Uses and adverse effects of UV, X-ray, and gamma-ray, and Scattering of light.

Chapter 6 Current Electricity

Chapter 6.1 Electric Current, Potential Difference & EMF:
How does the charge start moving? – Electric charge, Electric potential difference, EMF, and electrical cell as a source of EMF, Electric current.

Chapter 6.2 Ohm’s Law:
What is resistance? – Relation between potential difference and current in a wire: Concept of resistance from Ohm’s law, EMF and internal resistance of a cell, Resistivity and conductivity, Series and parallel combination of resistances, Domestic circuits.

Chapter 6.3 Heating Effect of Electric Current:
How do we measure the consumption of electrical energy? – Joule’s law on the heating effect of current: Concept of electrical energy, Domestic uses of the heating effect of current.

Chapter 6.4 Electrical Power:
Electrical Power, the concept of a kilowatt-hour, B.O.T.

Chapter 6.5 Electromagnetism:
How does a current-carrying wire interact with a magnet? – Action of electric current on magnet: Ampere’s swimming rule, right-hand grasp rule, Action of magnet on current carrying wire: Fleming’s left-hand rule, Working principle of the motor.

Chapter 6.6 Electromagnetic Induction:
How can we get electricity from motion? – Concept of induced EMF and induced current, Basic idea of direct current and alternating current.

Chapter 6.7 Electric Generator:
How does a generator work? – Working principle and functioning of an electric generator.

Chapter 6.8 Domestic Electrical Circuit:
How are electrical wirings done in households? – Components used in domestic electrical circuit, Schematic representation of domestic electrical circuit in simplest form.

Chapter 7 Atomic Nucleus

What is radioactivity and how is it related to the atomic nucleus? – Nature of α, β and γ rays, and their origin.

Chapter 7.2 Nuclear energy:
How can we get energy from the nucleus? – Concept of mass defect binding energy and fission, Fusion.

Chapter 8 Physical and Chemical Properties of Matter

Chapter 8.1 Periodic Table and Periodicity of the Properties of Elements:
What is meant by periodicity? – Brief history of the periodic table, Modern periodic table, Periodicity of properties of elements.

Chapter 8.2 Ionic and Covalent Bonding:
What holds the ions in a solid or atoms in a molecule? – Properties of ionic compounds, Ionic bonding, Properties of covalent compounds, Covalent bonding.

Chapter 8.3 Electricity and Chemical Reactions:
How are electricity and chemical changes related? – Electrolytes, Strong and weak electrolytes, Mechanism of electrical conduction in molten/solution states, Electrolysis, Applications of electrolysis.

Chapter 8.4 Inorganic Chemistry in the Laboratory and Industry:
Just how important are the inorganic chemicals? – Laboratory preparation of ammonia, Properties of ammonia, Major industrial uses and industrial manufacture of NH3 and urea, Laboratory preparation of hydrogen sulfide, Properties of H2S, Laboratory preparation and major uses of N2, Properties of N2, Industrial manufacture of HCl, HNO3, and H2SO4.

Chapter 8.5 Metallurgy:
How can we get the metals from their ores and use them? – Uses of Fe, Cu, Zn, and Al and their alloys, Ores, and minerals, Brief introduction to electronic theory of redox processes, Example of Thermite reaction, Metal corrosion: (a) Rusting of iron and its prevention (b) Corrosion of other metals and its health implications.

Chapter 8.6 Organic Chemistry:
How are some carbon compounds distinctly different from inorganic compounds of carbon? – Organic compounds are compounds of carbon, Tetravalency and catenation property of carbon, Structures of C2H6, C2H4, C2H2, Functional groups, Isomerism, Homologous series, IUPAC nomenclature of simple organic compounds, Industrial source and major uses of CH4, C2H4, C2H2, LPG & CNG, Reactions of CH4, C2H4, C2H2, Some other synthetic organic polymers, Biodegradable polymers, Uses and properties of ethyl alcohol and acetic acid, Harmful effects of methanol and ethanol, Denatured spirit.

WBBSE Class 10 Physical Science Blueprint for 1st Summative Evaluation (Total Marks – 40)

 Theme/Sub-theme MCQ (Group A) VSA (Group B) SA (Group C) LA (Group D) Total 1. Concerns About Our Environment 1 × 1 1 × 2 2 × 1 – 5 2. Behaviour of Gases 1 × 1 1 × 2 2 × 1 3 × 1 8 3. Light 1 × 3 1 × 3 2 × 1 3 × 2 14 4. Periodic Table and Periodicity of the Properties of Elements 1 × 1 1 × 1 2 × 1 3 × 1 7 5. Ionic and Covalent Bonding 1 × 1 1 × 1 2 × 2 – 6 Total 7 9 12 12 40

WBBSE Class 10 Physical Science Blueprint for 2nd Summative Evaluation (Total Marks – 40)

 Theme/Sub-theme MCQ (Group A) VSA (Group B) SA (Group C) LA (Group D) Total 1. Chemical Calculations 1 × 1 1 × 1 – 3 × 1 5 2. Thermal Phenomena 1 × 1 1 × 2 – 3 × 1 6 3. Current Electricity 1 × 2 1 × 2 2 × 1 3 × 2 12 4. Electricity and Chemical Reactions 1 × 1 1 × 2 – 3 × 1 6 5. Inorganic Chemistry in the Laboratory and in Industry 1 × 1 1 × 1 2 × 1 3 × 1 7 6. Metallurgy 1 × 1 1 × 1 2 × 1 – 4 Total 7 9 6 18 40

WBBSE Class 10 Physical Science Blueprint for 3rd Summative Evaluation/Selection Test (Total Marks – 90)

 Theme/Sub-theme MCQ (Group A) VSA (Group B) SA (Group C) LA (Group D) Total 1. Concerns about Our Environment 1 × 1 1 × 2 2 × 1 – 5 2. Behaviour of Gases 1 × 1 1 × 2 2 × 1 3 × 1 8 3. Chemical Calculations 1 × 1 – – 3 × 1 4 4. Thermal Phenomena 1 × 1 1 × 1 – 3 × 1 5 5. Light 1 × 2 1 × 2 2 × 1 3 × 2 12 6. Current Electricity 1 × 2 1 × 2 2 × 1 3 × 2 12 7. Atomic Nucleus 1 × 1 1 × 1 – 3 × 1 5 8. Periodic Table and Periodicity of the Properties of Elements 1 × 1 1 × 2 – 3 × 1 6 9. Ionic and Covalent Bonding 1 × 1 1 × 1 2 × 2 – 6 10. Electricity and Chemical Reactions 1 × 1 1 × 2 – 3 × 1 6 11. Inorganic Chemistry in the Laboratory and Industry 1 × 1 1 × 2 2 × 1 3 × 1 8 12. Metallurgy 1 × 1 1 × 2 2 × 1 – 5 13. Organic Chemistry 1 × 1 1 × 2 2 × 1 3 × 1 8 Total 15 21 18 36 90

## WBBSE Class 10 Hindi Question Answer West Bengal Board

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West Bengal Board Class 10 Hindi Question Papers

• Madhyamik Question Paper 2023 Solved
• Madhyamik Question Paper 2022 Solved
• Madhyamik Question Paper 2020 Solved
• Madhyamik Question Paper 2019 Solved
• Madhyamik Question Paper 2018 Solved
• Madhyamik Question Paper 2017 Solved

### West Bengal Board Class 10 Hindi Question Paper Design

 बहुविकल्पीय प्रश्न अति लघुत्तरीय प्रश्न संक्षिप्त एवं व्याख्या-मूलक प्रश्न दीर्घ उत्तरीय प्रश्न कुल योग कविता 2 3 3 7 15 निबंध 2 3 – 5 10 कहानी 2 3 3 7 15 एकांकी – – – 5 5 सहायक पाठ (कथा- संचयन) 3 2 – 5 10 व्याकरण 8 7 – – 15 रचना – – – निबंध – 10 अनुवाद – 5 संवाद लेखन या प्रतिवेदन – 5 20 कुल योग 90

 10 नम्बर के प्रश्न अनधिक 300 शब्दों में 7 नम्बर के प्रश्न अनधिक 200 शब्दों में 5 नम्बर के प्रश्न अनधिक 150 शब्दों में 3 नम्बर के प्रश्न अनधिक 60 शब्दों में 1 नम्बर के प्रश्न अधिक 20 शब्दों में

## WBBSE Class 9 Hindi Solutions Question Answer West Bengal Board

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## WBBSE Class 6 Hindi Solutions Question Answer West Bengal Board

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## WBBSE Class 7 Hindi Solutions Question Answer West Bengal Board

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## WBBSE Class 8 Hindi Solutions Question Answer West Bengal Board

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## WBBSE Class 6 History Question Answer West Bengal Board

### WBBSE Class 6 History Book Solutions West Bengal Board in English Medium

• Chapter 1 The Idea of History
• Chapter 2 Primitive Man In The Indian Sub Continent
• Chapter 3 Ancient History of The Indian Sub Continent
• Chapter 4 Ancient History of The Indian Sub Continent
• Chapter 5 Indian Sub Continent In The 6th Century BC
• Chapter 6 Expansion of Empire
• Chapter 7 Economic Condition And Livelihood
• Chapter 8 Culture in Ancient India
• Chapter 9 India And The Contemporary World

## WBBSE Class 6 Science Question Answer West Bengal Board

### WBBSE Class 6 Science Book Solutions West Bengal Board in English Medium

• Chapter 1 Interdependence of Organisms and the Environment
• Chapter 2 Phenomena Around Us
• Chapter 3 Element, Compound and Mixture
• Chapter 4 Rocks and Minerals
• Chapter 5 Measurement
• Chapter 6 Primary Concept of Force and Energy
• Chapter 7 Statics and Dynamics of Fluid
• Chapter 8 The Human Body
• Chapter 9 Common Machines
• Chapter 10 Biodiversity and its Classification
• Chapter 11 Habits and Habitats of Some Important Animals
• Chapter 12 Waste Products

## WBBSE Class 10 History Question Answer West Bengal Board

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West Bengal Board Class 10 History Question Papers

### WBBSE Class 10 History Syllabus West Bengal Board 2023

Chapter 1 Ideas of History

Varieties of History: New Social History, History of Sports, History of Food habits and Cuisine, History of Performing Arts (Music, Dance, Drama, Cinema), History of Clothing, History of Transportation, History of Visual Arts (Painting, Photography), History of Architecture, Local History, Urban History, Military History, History of Environment, History of Science-Technology and Medicine, Women’s History – Discuss the main features of these different trends of history writing. (Relevant and contextual pictures and illustrations, newspaper reporting, etc.).

Methods of using sources in relation to Modern Indian History:
Government Documents (reports/narratives/letters of police/intelligence/government officials).
Autobiography and memoirs (Sattar Bathsar, Bipinchandra Pal; Jibansmrity, Rabindranath Tagore; Jibaner Jharapata, Sarala Devi Choudhurani).
Correspondence (Jawaharlal Nehru’s letters to Indira Gandhi-Letters from a Father to His Daughter)
Periodicals and Newspapers (Bangadarshan and Somprakash) – Short discussion on methods of using these types of sources in relation to Modern Indian History.
Did you know? Importance of Photography in Modern Indian History
Use and abuse of the Internet in collecting historical information
(Relevant and contextual pictures and illustrations, newspaper reporting, etc.).

Part 1 Towards a New Collectivity

Chapter 2 Reform: Characteristics and Observations

19th Century Bengal: Reflections of Society in Periodicals, Newspapers, and Literature: Bamabodhini, Hindu Patriot and Hutom Pyanchar Naksha, Nildarpan, Grambarta Prakashika – Emphatically discuss these particular texts in relation to the general context. (Relevant and contextual illustrations, newspaper reporting, etc.)

19th Century Bengal – Educational Reforms: Characteristics and Observations: Conflicts between Oriental and Western Education, Growth of English Education, Women’s Education, and Iswarchandra Vidyasagar – Discussion should revolve around these issues. Particular emphasis should be given to these four topics: Initiatives for the spread of Western Education: Raja Rammohan Ray and Raja Radhakanta Deb, Initiatives for the spread of Western Education: David Hare and John Elliot Drinkwater Bethune, Calcutta Medical College and the Development of Medical Science, Calcutta University and the Growth of Higher Education.

(Relevant and contextual pictures and illustrations, newspaper reporting, etc.).

19th Century Bengal – Social Reforms: Characteristics and Observations: Activities of Brahma Samaj and its different denominations, Anti-Sati Movement, ‘Young Bengal’, Widow Remarriage Movement – Discuss these issues, contextually and briefly.

Did you know? Haji Mohammad Mohsin
(Relevant and contextual pictures and illustrations, newspaper reporting, etc.)

19th Century Bengal – Religious Reforms: Characteristics and Observations: Brahma Movement – Evolution, Divisions, Characteristics and Observations; Ramarkrishna’s ideas of Sarva Dharma Samanwaya (religious harmony); Swami Vivekananda’s ideas of Religious Reforms: Navya Vedanta (Neo Vedanta) – Characteristics and Observations.

Did you know? Lalan Faqir, Bijay Krishna Goswami
(Relevant and contextual pictures and illustrations, newspaper reporting, etc.).

Nature and Assessment of the ‘Bengal Renaissance’, Debates regarding the usage of the concept of Renaissance’ in relation to 19th Century Bengal:
(Relevant and contextual pictures and illustrations, newspaper reporting, etc.)

Chapter 3 Resistance and Rebellion: Characteristics and Analyses

A brief introduction to the Colonial Forest Law and reactions of the Adivasi people; in that context discuss the concepts of Rebellion, Uprising, and Revolution. Chuar Rebellion (second phase, Medinipur, 1798-1799), Kol Rebellion (1831-1832), Santhal Hool (1855-1856), Munda Rebellion (1899-1900) – Characteristics and Analyses of these Rebellions with very brief narratives.

Did you know? Rangpur Revolt (1783), Bhil Rebellion (1819)
(Relevant and contextual pictures and illustrations, newspaper reporting, etc, Maps with the dates and affected areas of these Rebellions and Revolts, Timeline of these Rebellions and Revolts).

Sanyasi-Fakir Rebellion (1763-1800), Wahabi-Farazi Movement in Bengal – Characteristics and Analyses of these Rebellions with very brief narratives.

Did you know? Pagal Panthi Revolt (first phase, 1825-1827), Tariqah-i-Muhammadiya
(Relevant and contextual pictures and illustrations, newspaper reporting, etc, Maps with the dates and affected areas of these Rebellions and Revolts, and Timeline of these Rebellions and Revolts).

Indigo Revolt – Characteristics and Analyses of the Revolt with a very brief narrative.

Did you know? Peasants’ Revolt in Pabna (1870)
(Relevant and contextual pictures and illustrations, newspaper reporting, etc, Maps with the dates and affected areas of these Rebellions and Revolts, and Timeline of these Rebellions and Revolts).

Chapter 4 Early Stage of Collective Action: Characteristics and Analyses

Revolt of 1857: Characteristics and Nature (Debates regarding the relationship with ideas of Nationalism) – A brief discussion. In this context emphasis should be given on the two topics; the attitudes of educated Bengali Society towards the Revolt of 1857 and the Queen’s Proclamation (1858).
(Relevant and contextual pictures and illustrations, newspaper reporting, etc, Maps with the dates and affected areas of these Rebellions and Revolts, and Timeline of these Rebellions and Revolts).

‘Age of Associations’: Characteristics and Analyses – Bangabhasa Prakashika Sabha, Landholders’ Association (ZamindarSabha), Indian Association, Hindu Mela – Discuss these four initiatives, particularly in relation to the above-mentioned context.
(Relevant and contextual pictures and illustrations, newspaper reporting, etc, Timeline of these above-mentioned Associations and other contemporary Associations).

Anandamath, Bartaman Bharat, Gora, and Bharatmata (painting) – Discuss briefly how a sense of nationalism is embedded within these works. In that context discuss the topic: Critiques of Colonial Society in Gaganendranath Tagore’s caricatures.
(Relevant and contextual pictures and illustrations, newspaper reporting, etc.).

Part 2 Multiple Voices of Collectivity

Chapter 5 Alternative Ideas and Initiatives (From mid-19th Century to the Early 20th Century): Characteristics and Observations:

Development of Printing press in Bengal: Relation between the printed text and dissemination of knowledge; Printing press as a commercial venture – discuss the initiatives taken by Upendrakishore Roychoudhury and the U.N. ROY & SONS in this context.
(Relevant and contextual pictures and illustrations, newspaper reporting, etc, Timeline of these above-mentioned processes and events).

Development of Science and Technical Education in Bengal: In that context briefly discuss the importance of the Indian Association for the Cultivation of Science, the Calcutta Science College, and the Basu Bigyan Mandir; a brief discussion on the development of Technical Education and particularly the role of the National Council of Education and the Bengal Technical Institute in that context.
(Relevant and contextual pictures and illustrations, newspaper reporting, etc, Timeline of these above-mentioned processes and events).

Critique of Colonial ideas regarding Education: A brief discussion on ideas of Rabindranath Tagore on Shantiniketan and his initiatives related to the Visvabharati; In this context discuss in short Tagore’s ideas about synthesis among Nature, Humans, and Education.
(Relevant and contextual pictures and illustrations, newspaper reporting, etc, Timeline of these above-mentioned processes and events).

Chapter 6 Peasant, Working Class, and Left Movements in 20th Century to the Early 20th Century India: Characteristics and Observations

Relations of the Indian National Congress and Left Politics with Peasant Movements in India:
Anti-Partition Movement in Bengal, Non-Cooperation Movement, Civil Disobedience Movement, and Quit India Movement – Discussion of Peasant Movements in relation to these four movements. In that context also discuss the Eka Movement and the Bardauli Satyagraha briefly.
(Relevant and contextual pictures and illustrations, newspaper reporting, etc, Timeline on these above-mentioned Movements).

Relations of the Indian National Congress and Left Politics with Working Class Movements in India: Anti-Partition Movement in Bengal, Non-Cooperation Movement, Civil Disobedience Movement, and Quit India Movement – Discussion of Working Class Movements in relation to these four movements. Discuss briefly the issue of the Workers and Peasants’ Party.
(Relevant and contextual pictures and illustrations, newspaper reporting, etc, Timeline of these above-mentioned Movements).

Nature, Characteristics, and Observations of the politics and participation of the Left in the Anti-Colonial Movements of 20th Century India

Did you know? M. N. Roy and Left Movement of India
(Relevant and contextual pictures and illustrations, newspaper reporting, etc, Timeline of these above-mentioned Movements).

Chapter 7 Movements Organized by Women, Students, and Marginal People in 20th Century India: Characteristics and Analyses

Nature, Characteristics, and Assessment of Women’s Movement in 20th Century India: Discussion of Women’s Movement in relation to the Anti-Partition Movement in Bengal, Non-Cooperation Movement, Civil Disobedience Movement and Quit India Movement. Discuss briefly the nature of women’s role in Armed Revolutionary struggles. In that context briefly discuss these topics: Deepali Sangha, Pritilata Waddedar, and Kalpana Dutta.

Did you know? Women’s Wing Indian National Army
(Relevant and contextual pictures and illustrations, newspaper reporting, etc, Timeline of these above-mentioned Movements).

Nature, Characteristics, and Assessment of Students’ Movements in 20th Century India: Discussion of Students’ Movement in Relation to the Anti-Partition Movement in Bengal, Non-cooperation Movement, Civil Disobedience Movement, and Quit India Movement. Discuss briefly the nature of students’ role in Armed Revolutionary struggles. In that context briefly discuss these topics: Anti-Circular Society, Bengal Volunteers, Surya Sen, Bina Das, Rashid AN Day.
(Relevant and contextual pictures and illustrations, newspaper reporting, etc, Timeline of these above-mentioned Movements).

Development of Dalit politics and Movements in 20th Century India: Nature, Characteristics and Analysis; Debate between Gandhi and Ambedkar regarding Dalit rights; Also discuss briefly the Namasudra Movement in Bengal.
(Relevant and contextual pictures and illustrations, newspaper reporting, etc, Timeline of these above-mentioned Movements).

Chapter 8 Post-Colonial India: Second Half of the 20th Century (1947-1964)

Initiatives undertaken and Controversies related to the accession of Princely States with India: (Discuss and demarcate the changing internal and external boundaries of India as a State in the context of the above-mentioned topic with two maps of India, one of 1947 and another of 1964).

Did you know? Kashmir Issue, Annexation of Hyderabad
(Relevant and contextual pictures and illustrations, newspaper reporting, etc, Timeline of these above-mentioned Movements).

Initiatives undertaken and Controversies related to the Refugee Problem in post-1947: In that context briefly discuss the topic: Partition in Autobiography and Memoirs.
(Relevant and contextual pictures and illustrations, newspaper reporting, etc, Timeline of these above-mentioned Movements).

Initiatives undertaken and Controversies related to Linguistic Reorganisation of States (Discuss and demarcate the changing internal boundaries of the Indian nation in the context of the above-mentioned topic with two maps of India one of 1948 and another of 1964)

Did you know? State Reorganisation Commission and Act (1953-1956)
Schedule of Languages in the Indian Constitution (up to 1964)
(Relevant and contextual pictures and illustrations, newspaper reporting, etc, Timeline of these above-mentioned Movements).

Guidelines for Farming Questions
The following types of questions may be framed –

• Multiple Choice Type Question (M.C.Q.) – One correct answer among four options. 1 mark for each Question.
• Very Short Answer Type Question (V.S.A.) – It may include true-false, statement, and assertion, fill in the blank, and match the column. 1 mark for each Question.
• Short Answer Type Question (S.A.) – 2 marks for each Question.
• Analytical Answer Type Question – 4 marks for each Question.
• Explanatory Answer Type Question – 8 marks for each Question. (Marks division of this type of question will be 3 + 5, 5 + 3, and 8)

### History Syllabus of Class 10 West Bengal Board – Chapters at a Glance

Chapter 1 Ideas of History
History is the study of the progress of human civilizations. It is not confined to the stories of kings, dynasties, wars, and dates. History has broken the barriers of tradition and brought variety and growth in its studies. Thus History sheds light on New Social History, the History of Sports, the History of Food Habits and Cuisine, the History of Performing arts (Music, Dance, Drama, Cinema), the History of Clothing, the History of Transportation, History of Visual Arts (Painting, Photography), History of Architecture, Local History, Urban History, Military History, History of Environment, History of Science-Technology and Medicine, Women’s History, etc. This chapter also deals with Historiography i.e. the history of history writing discussing within its fold + the Rankian School, The Annales School, The Subaltern School, and The New Social History; Study of Modern India; The two main sources – primary sources (Government documents like reports, narratives, diary entries by police, etc), and the secondary sources (autobiography, memoirs; Jibansmriti, Jibaner Jharapata, Sattar Bathsar, correspondence; Letters from a father to his Daughter, Periodicals; Prabasi, Bangadarshan, Newspapers; Som Prakash) help in the reconstruction of History. Importance of photography and uses and Abuses of the Internet in collecting historical information.

Chapter 2 Reforms: Characteristics and Observations
19th century Bengal: Reflections of society through periodicals, newspapers, and literature, like Bamabodhini Patrika, Hindoo Patriot, Hutom Pyanchar Naksha, Nil Darpan, Grambarta Prakashika; Educational Reforms – (a) Role of Christian Missionaries and the Serampore Trio (b) Charter Act of 1813 (c) Anglicist and Orientalist Controversy, (d) Wood’s Despatch; setting up of Calcutta Medical College (1835) and the Universities of Calcutta, Mumbai, Madras (1857), the spread of education among women and the prominent role played by Vidyasagar, David Hare, J.E.D Bethune; Social Reform movements in the 19th century executed by the Brahmos and also the role of Young Bengal and Derozio; Religious Reforms – The Brahmo Movement and the idea of monotheism, Ramakrishna Dev’s idea of ‘Sarva Dharma Samanwaya’ and ‘Neo-Vedanta’ of Swami Vivekananda brought about religious enlightenment; Bengal-Renaissance and the intellectual awakening in 19th century Bengal. But the term is debatable.

Chapter 3
Resistance and Rebellion: Characteristics and Analyses
The victory at Plassey (1757) gave the English East India Company political control of India. The imperialist interest of the company or the British colonial power led them to execute various exploitative measures. To tap the huge natural resources of the Indian forests they formed the Indian Forest Act of 1865 and 1878 thereby depriving the tribal population of their traditional rights in the forests of India and forcing them to rise in rebellion. The imposition of the high rate of land revenue, the breaking down of the economic structure of the country, the oppression and misrule both on the peasants and landlords and zamindars, and the introduction of the sun-set law, the Permanent Settlement Act resulted in various revolts. It was these uprisings, rebellions, and revolts that eventually gave rise to the political consciousness and nationalist outlook of the people of India. Examples – Chuar Rebellion, Wahabi Movement, Indigo Revolt, etc.

Chapter 4 Early Stages of Collective Action: Characteristics and Analyses
One hundred years after the battle of Plassey (1757) in the year 1857 a Great Revolt occurred due to the accumulation of discontent and grievances in the minds of the Indians towards their oppressive and imperialist Colonial rulers. The 19th century observed the growth of collective action in India which was manifested through the Revolt of 1857, the growth of associations, patriotic literature, and works of art like paintings. The collective organization and movements that took place in that period were predominantly against the British, against the age-old superstitions and to promote nationalism. There is a great deal of controversy among historians regarding the nature of the Great Revolt of 1857. Some British historians like Maleson, John Silly, John Keay, etc called it the Sepoy Mutiny which was supported by contemporary Indians like Akshay Kumar Dutta, Durgadas Banerjee, Dadabhai Naoroji, etc. J. B. Norton, Alexander Duff, Outram, Holmes, and even V. A. Smith and Karl Marx accepted the national character of the revolt or termed it a National Revolt. The revolutionary and nationalist thinker Vinayak Damodar Savarkar called it India’s First War of Independence, while R C. Joshi and others called it a National Struggle directed by the feudal lords. The English-educated Bengali intelligentsia being influenced by Western education and reforms of the colonial government did not support the sepoys. It was as a result of the Revolt of 1857, the English East India Company’s rule in India came to an end and power was transferred to the British crown. India was brought under the British crown by the Government of India Act of 1858. Queen Victoria’s famous proclamation was announced by Lord Canning at a grand durbar at Allahabad on 1st November 1858; Before the formation of the Indian National Congress in 1885 many associations were formed in different regions of India like Bombay, Madras, and especially in Bengal namely the Bangabhasa Prakashika Sabha, Landholders ’ society, Hindu Mela, Bharat Sabha, Poona Sarvajanik Sabha, Madras Mahajan Sabha etc.; To enlighten the people in nationalist ideas and patriotism a host of literary works were composed by Bankim Chandra (Anandamath), Rabindranath Tagore (Gora), and Swami Vivekananda (Bartaman Bharat). Their books played quite a significant role in arousing political awareness among the Indians. Mention must be made of the inspirational painting of ‘Bharat Mata’ by Abanindranath Tagore and the satirical sketches and cartoons (University Machine) by Gaganendranath Tagore in this context.

Chapter 5 Alternative Ideas and Initiatives
The social, religious, political, economic, and cultural ideas that developed in the first half of the 19th century underwent a great change and gave rise to new concepts and ideas in the second half of the 19th century. With the advent of Western education, social and political awareness started playing an important role in the minds of the Indian people and society. As a result, there was a drastic change in the thought process of the Indians and alternative ideas triumphed over the practiced ones. 19th century induced nationalism and ideas of national unity among the Indians which were further promoted with the development of the Indian press. Starting from the ‘Bengal Gazettee’ of Hicky (1780) to ‘Sambad Prabhakar’ of Iswarchandra Gupta (1831), newspapers helped generate knowledge and consciousness among the primarily urban people. The development of science and technology was limited during colonial rule. As a result, initiatives were taken by different notable Indians (like Mahendra Lal Sircar, Acharya Jagadish Chandra Bose, etc.) to develop scientific knowledge and research. It was the aim of the colonial government to produce Western-educated Indians who would only serve the need to rule the country. The Indians now started criticizing this colonial concept of education and thought of replacing it with alternative ideas of spreading education. The pioneering personality in this field was Rabindranath Tagore who subsequently formed, ‘Brahmacharyashram’ and ‘Visva Bharati at Shantiniketan, Bolpur.

Chapter 6 Peasant, Working Class, and Left Movements in 20th-Century India
The imperialist attitude of the British affected the peasant community in India strongly in the first half of the 20th Century who, being subjected to a lot of oppression and exploitation, rebelled against the landlords and the imperialist Government. The labour Movement in India which was much more organized aimed against the oppression and deprivation of the workers in the hands of the factory owners. The peasants did not play any significant role in the Anti-Partition Movement but they actively participated in the Non-cooperation Movement (1920), Civil Disobedience Movement (1930), and the Quit India Movement (1942). The working class played a significant role during the Anti-Partition Movement (1905) and organized several strikes against the mill and factory owners in the period. They also participated in the Non-cooperation Movement (1920) and Civil Disobedience Movement (1930). However, their participation in the Quit India Movement (1942) was limited.

Chapter 7 Movements Organised by Women, Students, and the Marginal People in the 20th Century
The 20th century saw the participation of women, students, and marginal people like the Dalits in organizing various movements. Women’s participation could be witnessed during the Anti-Partition Movement, the Non-cooperation Movement, the Civil Disobedience Movement, the Quit India Movement, and also in the armed revolutionary movement. Most of the anti-British movements during the 20th century reached a great dimension through the participation of the student community in India. They fearlessly took part in the Anti-Partition Movement, the Non-cooperation Movement, the Civil Disobedience Movement the Quit India Movement. The revolutionary group of students in Bengal, Bihar, Maharashtra, Punjab, and Uttar Pradesh made notable contributions in India’s struggle for freedom. The movement of the marginal class or the Dalits formed another important feature of the 20th-century movements.

Chapter 8 Post Colonial India Second Half of the 20th Century (1947-1964)
After 190 years of British domination, India won independence on 15th August 1947. But by the provision of the Indian Independence Act the native rulers had the choice to accede either to Pakistan or to India. This resulted in a lot of trouble and Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel, the first Home Minister of independent India was able to merge the native states into the Indian Union. However, Pakistan refused to accept the inclusion of Kashmir to India which resulted in a number of wars, tension between the two countries, and the creation of ‘Pakistan occupied Kashmir ’. The partition of India gave rise to the problems like communal riots and the issues related to the ‘Refugees’. Both the governments of India and Pakistan tried to solve the refugee Problem through the ‘Nehru-Liaquat’ Agreement of 1950. However, the influx of refugees to India continued even after this agreement. The linguistic policies adopted by the Nehru government after independence also created problems and ultimately the government had to concede to the demands of forming states on the basis of languages. By the State Reorganisation Act of 1956, the states of India were also reorganized. Till 1964, there were 14 recognized languages mentioned in the 8th schedule of our constitution. At present, there are 22 recognized languages. Hindi and English are recognized as the official languages of India.

West Bengal Board Class 10 History 1st Summative Evaluation (Total Marks – 40)
Internal Formative Evaluation: (Total Marks – 10)
Month of Evaluation: April

• Chapter 1 Ideas of History
• Chapter 2 Reform: Characteristics and Observations
• Chapter 3 Resistance and Rebellion: Characteristics and Analyses

West Bengal Board Class 10 History 2nd Summative Evaluation (Total Marks – 40)
Internal Formative Evaluation (Total Marks – 10)
Month of Evaluation: August

• Chapter 4 Early Stages of Collective Action: Characteristics and Analyses
• Chapter 5 Alternative Ideas and Initiatives (From mid-19th Century to the early 20th Century): Characteristics and Observations.
• Chapter 6 Peasant, Working Class and Left Movements in 20th Century India: Characteristics and Observations

West Bengal Board Class 10 History 3rd Summative Evaluation (Total Marks – 90)
Internal Formative Evaluation (Total Marks – 10)
Month of Evaluation: December

• Chapter 7 Movements Organized by Women, Students, and Marginal People in 20th Century India: Characteristics and Analyses
• Chapter 8 Post-Colonial India: Second Half of the 20th Century (1947-1964)

Note: Chapters prescribed for the First and Second Summative Evaluations are also to be included in the 3rd Summative Evaluation

WBBSE Class 10 History Blueprint for 1st Summative Evaluation (Total Marks – 40)

 Topic MCQ (GR. A) VSA (Gr. B) SA (Gr. C) AAT (Gr. D) EAT (Gr. E) Total Chapter 1 1 × 2 = 2 1 × 2 = 2 2 × 1 = 2 1 question from each chapter. Answer any 2 questions 1 question from each chapter. Answer any 1 question Chapter 2 1 × 4 = 4 1 × 2 = 2 2 × 2 = 4 Chapter 3 1 × 4 = 4 1 × 2 = 2 2 × 2 = 4 Questions to be given 10 6 5 3 3 27 Questions to be answered 10 6 4 2 1 23 Total Marks 1 × 10 = 10 1 × 6 = 6 2 × 4 = 8 4 × 2 = 8 8 × 1 = 8 40

Note:
Group A: Consists of MCQ. Every question of this group should have four options of answer.
Group B: Should consist of very short answer-type questions (answer should be in a single sentence): True- False, Statement-Assertion. 2 questions from each item will be given (3 × 2 = 6)
Group C: Consists of short answer type conceptual questions. The answer should be in two or three sentences.
Group D: Consists of analytical answer-type conceptual questions. The answer should be in seven or eight sentences.
Group E: Consists of explanatory answer-type conceptual questions. The answer should be in fifteen to sixteen sentences. In this group marks division will be either 3 + 5 or 5 + 3 or 8.

WBBSE Class 10 History Blueprint for 2nd Summative Evaluation (Total Marks – 40)

 Topic MCQ (GR. A) VSA (Gr. B) SA (Gr. C) AAT (Gr. D) EAT (Gr. E) Total Chapter 4 1 × 3 = 3 1 × 2 = 2 2 × 1 = 2 1 question from each chapter. Answer any 2 questions 1 question from each chapter. Answer any 1 question Chapter 5 1 × 4 = 4 1 × 2 = 2 2 × 2 = 4 Chapter 6 1 × 3 = 3 1 × 2 = 2 2 × 2 = 4 Questions to be given 10 6 5 3 3 27 Questions to be answered 10 6 4 2 1 23 Total Marks 1 × 10 = 10 1 × 6 = 6 2 × 4 = 8 4 × 2 = 8 8 × 1 = 8 40

Note:
Group A: Consists of MCQ. Every question of this group should have four options of answer.
Group B: Should consist of only two items: Match the Column and map pointing**, 3 questions from each item will be given (3 × 2 = 6)
Group C: Consists of short answer type conceptual questions. The answer should be in two or three sentences.
Group D: Consists of analytical answer-type conceptual questions. The answer should be in seven or eight sentences.
Group E: Consists of explanatory answer-type conceptual questions. The answer should be in fifteen to sixteen sentences. In this group marks division will be either 3 + 5 or 5 + 3 or 8.

WBBSE Class 10 History Blueprint for 3rd Summative Evaluation (Total Marks – 90)

 Topic (GR. A) M.C.Q. each question – 1 mark (Gr. B) Very short answer type (V.S.A) each question – 1 mark (Gr. C) Short answer type (S.A) each question – 2 marks (Gr. D) Analytical answer type each question – 4 marks (Gr. E) Explanatory answer type each question – 8 marks Chapter 1 1 × 2 1 × 2 2 × 2 2 questions from Chapter 1 or 2 – Chapter 2 1 × 3 1 × 3 2 × 2 1 question from Chapter 2 or 3 Chapter 3 1 × 2 1 × 3 2 × 2 2 questions from Chapter 3 or 4 Chapter 4 1 × 3 1 × 3 2 × 2 1 question from Chapter 4 or 5 Chapter 5 1 × 2 1 × 2 2 × 2 2 questions from Chapter 5 or 6 Chapter 6 1 × 3 1 × 3 2 × 2 1 question from Chapter 6 or 7 Chapter 7 1 × 3 1 × 3 2 × 2 2 questions from Chapter 7 or 8 Chapter 8 1 × 2 1 × 1 2 × 2 – Questions to be given 20 20 16 8 3 67 Questions to be answered 20 16 11 6 1 54 Total Marks 1 × 20 = 20 1 × 16 = 16 2 × 11 = 22 4 × 6 = 24 8 × 1 = 8 90 Answer any 16 questions from 20. Have to answer from each item. Answer any 11 questions from 16. Answer a total of 6 questions from four segments. At least 1 question from each segment and another 2 from any segment. Answer any 1 question from 3.

Note:
Group A: Consists of MCQ. Every question of this group should have four options of answer.
Group B: Should consist of True-False, Match the Column, VSA (in one sentence), Map pointing** & Statement-Assertion. 4 questions from each item will be given.
Group C: Consists of short answer type conceptual questions. The answer should be in two or three sentences.
Group D: Consists of analytical answer-type conceptual questions. The answer should be in seven or eight sentences.
Group E: Consists of explanatory answer-type conceptual questions. The answer should be in fifteen to sixteen sentences. In this group marks division of the three questions will be either 3 + 5 or 5 + 3 or 8.

*This question pattern is indicative of the Madhyamik Examination.
**For the visually challenged students, Fill in the blanks will be given as an alternative.