West Bengal Board Class 9 History Book Solution in English WBBSE

WBBSE Class 9 History Question Answer West Bengal Board

WBBSE Class 9 History Book Solutions West Bengal Board

WBBSE Class 9 History Question Paper Design West Bengal Board 2024

Section A: Examinees are to answer 4 (four) different types of Questions.

Section B: The 4 types of Questions are Multiple Choice Questions, short answer Type Questions, short answer type Questions, and answer type Questions.

Section C: The Long-Answer Type Questions have two characters, namely Pattern I and Pattern II.

Section D: The distribution of Marks for different types of Questions would be as follows:

  • The Multiple Choice Questions – 1 mark each
  • Very Short Answer Type Questions – 1 mark each
  • Short-answer Type Questions – 2 marks each
  • Long-answer Type Questions – 8 marks each

(In category IV there may be questions having both 4 and 8 Marks. For the convenience of the students a separate type of question has been included as ‘Pattern I’ for those bearing 4 Marks)

Section E: Regarding the Multiple Choice Questions (MCQ) students are only to tick off (V) the correct answers. Answers to the short answer questions should be in one or two words. Answers to each of the Short-answer Type Questions should be in one or two sentences.

Section F: The West Bengal Board of Secondary Education has not yet specified the quantum of words/sentences/lines that may be allowed for answering the Long-answer Type Questions. However, according to his wisdom, the author of the book determined the sentences/words that may be devoted to answering Questions bearing 4 and 8 Marks. For example, the question bearing 4 Marks may be answered in about 10 sentences (or 100 words) while the question bearing 8 Marks could be answered in about 20 sentences (or 200 words)

Chapterwise Distribution of the Type of Questions and the Marks
Full Marks 100 [Question-answer 90 + Internal Assessment 10 = 100]

Chapter Section A
Multiple Choice Questions
Full Mark 1
Section B
Very-Short Answer Type Question
Full Mark 1
Section C
Short-Answer Type Question
Full Marks 2
Section D
Evaluation Type Question
Full Mark 4

Section E
Explanatory Type Question
Full Marks 8

Chapter 1 Mark 1 × Questions 4 = 4 Mark 1 × Questions 2 = 2 Marks 2 × Questions 2 = 4 Marks 4 × Question 1 = 4 1 Question either from Chapter 1 or Chapter 2

Marks 8 × Question 1 = 8

Chapter 2 Mark 1 × Questions 3 = 3 Mark 1 × Questions 2 = 2 Marks 2 × Questions 2 = 4 Marks 4 × Question 1 = 4
Chapter 3 Mark 1 × Questions 3 = 3 Mark 1 × Questions 2 = 2 Marks 2 × Questions 2 = 4 Marks 4 × Question 1 = 4 1 Question either from Chapter 3 or Chapter 4

Marks 8 × Question 1 = 8

Chapter 4 Mark 1 × Questions 3 = 3 Mark 1 × Questions 2 = 2 Marks 2 × Questions 2 = 4 Marks 4 × Question 1 = 4
Chapter 5 Mark 1 × Questions 4 = 4 Mark 1 × Questions 2 = 2 Marks 2 × Questions 2 = 4 Marks 4 × Question 1 = 4 1 Question either from Chapter 5 or Chapter 6

Marks 8 × Question 1 = 8

Chapter 6 Mark 1 × Questions 3 = 3 Mark 1 × Questions 2 = 2 Marks 2 × Questions 2 = 4 Marks 4 × Question 1 = 4
Chapter 7 Mark 1 × Questions 4 = 4 Mark 1 × Questions 3 = 3 Marks 2 × Questions 2 = 4
Total 24 Marks 16 Marks 22 Marks 20 Marks 8 Marks

Section C: In this Group the students are to answer 11 Questions out of 14 Questions given. Hence Marks 2 × 11 Questions = 22 Marks
Section D: In this Group, the students are to answer 5 Questions out of 6 Questions given. Hence Marks 4 × 5 Questions = 20 Marks
Section E: In this Group the students are to answer 1 (one) Question out of 3 given. Hence Marks 8 × 1 Question = 8 Marks.
The question may be sub-divided with varying Marks, e.g. 4 + 4 = 8; 5 + 3 = 8; 3 + 5 = 8; 8

WBBSE Class 9 History Syllabus West Bengal Board 2024

Foreword: Europe and the Modern Age

  • Political-Social Evolution of Europe: Conflict between temporal and religious institutions; Empire vs. Papacy; Crisis of Feudalism in Western Europe and the abolition of Serfdom; Invention of new agricultural technology; Expansion of agriculture, Increasing demand for foodstuff and daily commodities (agricultural and non-agricultural); Rise of new Mercantile community.
  • Renaissance and Humanism: Rediscovery of the past and new philosophy of life. The growing importance of the ‘Man’; Development of an Anthropocentric world view.
    Did you know?: Leonardo da Vinci; Michelangelo.
  • The Age of ‘Discovery’: Printing ‘revolution’; Invention of new warfare techniques; Rise of a new scientific view; Voyages and ‘discoveries’ of ‘New’ lands.
    Did you know?: Galileo; Use of gunpowder; Printing machine; Mariner’s Compass.
  • Rise of the Modern State: Foundation of Absolute Monarchy in England and France during the 15th and 16th centuries.
  • Crisis of Absolute Monarchy (17th century); Development of free-thinking—the Age of Reason.

Note: 2 colored maps should be used here—one of 17th-century Europe, and another of contemporary Europe.

Chapter 1 Some Aspects of the French Revolution
France as the “Political Prison” and the “Museum of Economic Errors” – Brief analysis of taxation system – example Corvee; Pre-revolutionary social structure of France and the idea of Divine Monarchy; Different critiques posed by Philosophers towards the French absolutism and fiscal policies (individual biography of philosophers not needed); Development of popular opinion in opposition to the existing social hierarchy and unequal distribution of wealth; Opposition to the Monarchy by the Aristocracy.

Fall of the Bastille: Conflict of the Royalty with the Girondists and the Jacobins regarding the Estates-General; Tennis Court Oath; Storming of the Bastille; Fall of Bastille as a symbol of the downfall of the French Monarchy, National Constituent Assembly; Execution of the King.

Call to save the Revolution: Internal crisis and foreign attacks on the Revolution; Jacobin rule. Peoples’ Revolution, People of the Revolution—Connections between the people of the lower strata of French society and the French Revolution; Participation of urban and rural poor in the Revolution; Women and the French Revolution, Declaration of the Rights of Man and the Citizen; Role of rumors in mass psychology (brief analysis).

Liberte, Egalite, Fraternite: The larger impact of the ideals of the French Revolution; New French constitution; Abolition of Feudalism; Declaration of the Democratic Rights of the Citizens.

Did you know?: Ancient Regime; Third Estate; Bourgeoisie; “The Reign of Terror”; Tipu Sultan and the Jacobin Club; Sans Culottes.

(Contemporary paintings of/on the French Revolution and its different aspects. Maps during the time of the Revolution. Diagram of Pre-Revolutionary French social structure. Timeline of the Revolution).

Chapter 2 Revolutionary Ideals, Napoleonic Empire, and the Idea of Nationalism
Napoleon Bonaparte’s rise to power (in brief), The Code Napoleon in respect of the ideals of the French Revolution. Conflict of the Napoleonic Empire with the ideals of the French Revolution; Conflict between Imperial ideology and the ideals of the Liberte, Egalite, Fraternite; Conflict between the Napoleonic Empire and new ideas of Nationalism; Reconstitution of Europe Nationalist reactions against the Napoleonic Empire; Reactions of the peoples of France, Germany, and the Iberian Peninsula against Napoleon; Invasion of Russia.
Did you know?: The Continental System; The Battle of Trafalgar, Elba and the Hundred Days (in brief with St. Helena).

(Contemporary paintings of/on Napoleon Bonaparte and different aspects of his activities. Maps of the Napoleonic Empire with dates of imperial expansion. Timeline of Napoleon’s; rise to power and other important incidents).

Chapter 3 Europe in the 19th Century: Conflict of Monarchical and Nationalist Ideas
Concept of Nationalism and concept of the Nation-State; Conflict of Monarchical and Nationalist ideas: Vienna Settlement; Metternich System. Revolutions of 1830 and 1848 – In what ways did these two Revolutions represent the conflict between Monarchical and Nationalist ideas?
Expression of Nationalist ideas in Italy (Risorgimento, Young Italy) and Germany; Brief discussion on the making of Nation-States in Italy and Germany; Blood and Iron Policy of Bismarck; Ottoman Empire and the rise of Balkan Nationalism; Crimean War; Tsar Alexander M’s abolition of Serfdom.

Did you know?: The July Monarchy; The July Revolution of 1830 and Raja Rammohan Ray; Zollverein; Ems Telegram; Greek nationalism and the Hetairia Philike.

(Contemporary paintings, photographs, and maps. Maps of Europe in 1815, Cenrets of the Revolution of 1848, Italy, Germany and the Ottoman Empire. Timeline of important incidents to these topics).

Chapter 4 Industrial Revolution, Colonialism and Imperialism
What is the Industrial Revolution? When did it take place? Which were the locations of the Industrial Revolution? Comparative discussion on Industrial Revolutions in England and the Continent (using diagrams, timelines, and maps).
Impact of Industrial Revolution on the Society, Polity, and Economy: Experience of England— Rise of an Industrial Society and its internal divisions; Rise of new Cities; Migration from rural areas to the urban centers; Development of a Bourgeois-Capitalist political system; Inequality of distributing the resources; Rise of new Classes. Different critiques on the Industrial Society – Socialist critiques; Critiques by Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels.

Brief discussion on the process of colonial expansion as an outcome of the Industrial Revolution; Which European powers established their colonies outside of Europe? Identify these locations with a map; Development of communication and transportation, mainly the Railway, Suez Canal, and Telegraph system; the Transformation of India from an exporter to an importer and its designation as The Jewel in the Crown of the British Empire’.

Colonial rivalry and European Imperialism – Economic aspect of colonial rivalry; Search for markets to sell the surplus; Relations between the colonial rivalry and the jingoistic nationalism (in this context the discussion should be based on non-Indian experiences, mainly on the scramble for China and Africa); Conflict of Imperial powers; The First World War (upto its outbreak); A brief overview of the First World War based on maps, timelines and charts.

Did you know?: Revolution in Industrial Technology; Ghetto; Factory system; Industrial Revolution and the position of women; Paris Commune; Henri de Saint-Simon and Charles Fourier; Triple Alliance and Triple Entente; Sarajevo Incident.

(Contemporary paintings, newspaper reports, cartoons, maps, photographs, etc.; Maps of the centers of the Industrial Revolution in Europe; Map of the First World War locating areas of expansion and its years and dates; Time-line of relevant issues; Diagrams and Statistical data wherever possible).

Chapter 5 Europe in the Twentieth Century
Russia: From Tsarism to Socialism; Russian Revolution (1917): Social-Economic-Political background; Brief overview of the Russian Revolution with a timeline; Influence of the Russian Revolution on the contemporary social, political, and economic world.

A brief outline of the events of the First World War; International relations in the context of World War & the 14 point principles; The economic implications of the Treaty of Versailles; League of Nations; The Great Depression of 1929 and its impact in contemporary Europe and the USA; The substitution of Europe by the USA as the power-centre of the world.

Correlation between the Settlement of Versailles and the growth of aggressive nationalism; Economic crisis as a consequence of the Great Depression and the rise of Fascist and Nazi powers in Italy and Germany; The Spanish Civil War and the struggle between supporters and opponents of Fascism.

Did you know?: Narodnik Movement; Lenin and his thought; NEP; Weimar Republic; Floover Moratorium; Fascism and Nazism; Politics, Economics, and Racism; Spanish Civil War and progressive movements in India.

(Contemporary paintings, newspaper reports, cartoons, maps, photographs, etc.; Maps of Russia (in 1917), Europe (in 1919 and 1930); Time-line of relevant issues; Diagrams and Statistical data wherever possible).

Chapter 6 The Second World War Its Aftermath
Fascism and Nazism versus Democratic ideals; Outbreak of the Second World War; Locating the main theatres of conflict chronologically with the aid of maps; Discussion on the course of the Second World War using time-lines; Struggle between Soviet Russia and Germany; USA and the Second World War; Impact of the Second World War on contemporary World history; Technological changes in war weaponry; Second World War as a truly “global” war; The qualitative and quantitative changes in the destructiveness of war; Aggressive nationalism versus Internationalism.

Did you know?: Anglo-French policy of appeasement; Rome-Berlin-Tokyo axis; Battle of Leningard; The Pearl Harbour incident; Hiroshima-Nagasaki.

(Contemporary paintings, newspaper reports, cartoons, maps, photographs, etc.; Maps of Europe (in 1939 and 1945), Map of the Second World War locating areas of expansion and its years and dates; Time-line of relevant issues; Comparative diagrams and statistical data related to the expansion and impact of the two World Wars).

Chapter 7 The League of Nations and the United Nations Organisation
Formation and structure of the League of Nations. Nature and structure of the United Nations Organisation; UN Charter.

WBBSE Class 9 Solutions

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